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CARING FOR YOUR SKIN AND HAIR. We know how important it is to choose the best when it comes to skin and hair. At Perfect skin care, we are specialized in Dermatology, Laser and Cosmetology. We believe in enhancing your beauty rather than changing you. It is a one-stop solution for various skin and hair issues like acne, hair fall, aging, unwanted hair, etc. Be simple acne or severe and complex skin disease, we make sure to give you the best results.

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Eczema (also called atopic dermatitis) is a condition that causes your skin to become dry, red, itchy and bumpy. It’s one of many types of dermatitis. Eczema damages the skin barrier function (the “glue” of your skin). This loss of barrier function makes your skin more sensitive and more prone to infection and dryness. Eczema doesn’t harm your body. It doesn’t mean that your skin is dirty or infected, and it’s not contagious. There are treatments that can help manage your symptoms.

Where does eczema most commonly occur?

Eczema can show up anywhere on your skin. In teens and adults, it’s typically found on your hands, neck, inner elbows, ankles, knees, feet and around your eyes.

Eczema Symptoms

Eczema looks different for everyone. And your flare-ups won’t always happen in the same area.

No matter which part of your skin is affected, eczema is almost always itchy. The itching sometimes starts before the rash. Your skin may also be:

  • Red
  • Dry
  • Cracked
  • Leathery

Symptoms in infants

In infants, the itchy rash can lead to an oozing, crusting condition, mainly on the face and scalp. It can also happen on their arms, legs, back, and chest.

Symptoms in children

Children and teens usually have a rash in the bends of their elbows, behind their knees, on their neck, or on their wrists or ankles. The rash turns scaly and dry.

Symptoms in adults

The rash usually happens on your face, the backs of your knees, wrists, hands, or feet. Your skin will probably be very dry, thick, or scaly. In fair-skinned people, these areas may start out reddish and then turn brown. In darker-skinned people, eczema can affect skin pigments, making the affected area lighter or darker.

Types of Eczema

Eczema includes conditions such as:

Atopic dermatitis. This is what people are usually talking about when they say “eczema.” This is the most common form, and it affects more than 7% of adults. It’s also linked to other allergic disorders, like asthma and hay fever, and often starts in childhood.

Contact dermatitis. Nearly everyone gets this at some point in their lives. It happens when your skin comes into contact with something that causes a rash. The trigger can cause irritation or an allergic reaction. Triggers are unique to each person and vary by the two types of contact dermatitis:

  • Irritant dermatitis is the more common kind and is more closely linked to people with atopic dermatitis. Triggers may include skin care products, soaps and detergents, jewelry made with nickel, and industrial chemicals like solvents and cement.
  • Allergic dermatitis flares when your skin comes into contact with something you’re allergic to. Common allergens include poison ivy, nickel and other metals, fragrances and beauty products with fragrances, rubber, latex, and the preservative thimerosal. For some people, it takes sunlight to provoke a reaction.

Dyshidrotic eczema. This is a less common but more challenging form of eczema. It causes outbreaks of tiny blisters on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and sides of the fingers. It may be triggered by sweating or irritants like metals.

Neurodermatitis. This type of eczema tends to cause just one or two intensely itchy patches, often on the nape of the neck, an arm, or a leg. Risk factors include having another form of eczema, like atopic or contact dermatitis, or just very dry skin. But it’s also linked to some mental health issues like anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Women between the ages of 30 and 50 have a higher chance of getting it than other people.

Nummular eczema. This coin-shaped eczema often appears after a skin injury like a burn or insect bite. You’re more likely to get nummular eczema if you or your family members have atopic dermatitis, allergies, or asthma.

Seborrheic dermatitis. This happens in areas of your body with lots of oil glands. When it’s on your scalp, it’s called dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis probably results from a severe reaction to a high amount of Malassezia yeast, a common organism, on the skin. It’s also linked to other skin conditions, like psoriasis, acne, and rosacea, as well as a variety of other diseases.

Stasis dermatitis. This type happens in people who have poor blood flow, usually in the lower legs. Unlike some other types of eczema, these plaques aren’t linked to faulty genes. Some lifestyle habits raise the risk too, like being overweight and not getting enough activity.

Eczema Triggers

Some people have flare-ups of the itchy rash in response to things like:

  • Rough or coarse fabric
  • Feeling too hot or cold
  • Household products like soap or detergent
  • Animal dander
  • Respiratory infections or colds
  • Stress
  • Sweat

What causes eczema?

Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is caused by a combination of immune system activation, genetics, environmental triggers and stress.

  • Your immune system. If you have eczema, your immune system overreacts to small irritants or allergens. This overreaction can inflame your skin.
  • Your genetics. You’re more likely to have eczema if there is a history of dermatitis in your family. You’re also at a higher risk if there’s a history of asthma, hay fever and/or allergens. Allergens are substances like pollen, pet hair or foods that trigger an allergic reaction. Also, there might be a change in your genes that control a protein that helps your body maintain healthy skin. Without normal levels of that protein, your skin will not be completely healthy.
  • Your environment. There is a lot in your environment that can irritate your skin. Some examples include exposure to tobacco smoke, air pollutants, harsh soaps, fabrics such as wool and some skin products. Low humidity (dry air) can cause your skin to become dry and itchy. Heat and high humidity can cause sweating and that can make the itchiness even worse.
  • Your stress. Your stress levels can cause or worsen your eczema. There are mental/emotional signs of stress and physical signs of stress. They include:

Mental/emotional signs:

  • Depression.
  • Difficulty relaxing.
  • Use of alcohol, tobacco, or illegal drugs to relax.
  • A negative opinion of yourself (low self-esteem).
  • Anxiety, constant worry.
  • Feeling overwhelmed.
  • Difficulty with concentration.
  • Irritability, mood swings, or a short temper.

Physical signs:

  • Nausea and dizziness.
  • Not wanting to have sex.
  • Sleeping too much.
  • Sleeping too little.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Constipation.
  • Muscle tension.
  • Aches and pains.

How is eczema treated?

Treating eczema (atopic dermatitis) can be difficult if the cause is something you can’t control, like genetics. Fortunately, you may have some influence over your environment and stress levels. Do your best to figure out what triggers or worsens your eczema, and then avoid it. The goal is to reduce itching and discomfort and prevent infection and additional flare-ups.

Consider these treatment tips:

  • Use a humidifier if dry air makes your skin dry.
  • See a psychiatrist for medication and a therapist for counseling if you’re experiencing symptoms of poor mental/emotional health.
  • Moisturize your skin using a cream or ointment. Lotions don’t work as well. Apply several times a day, including after you bathe or shower. Use lukewarm water in the tub or shower instead of hot.
  • Use mild soaps and other products that are free of perfumes, dyes and alcohol. Look for products labeled “fragrance free,” “hypoallergenic” and “for sensitive skin.”
  • Use skin products that contain ceramide. These moisturizers replace some of the “glue” (the barrier) missing from your skin.
  • Take prescription medications. Doctor may prescribe creams, pills and/or shots. There are newer medications, called topical immunomodulators (TIMs) that show progress in treating patients who do not respond to other treatments. They change the body’s immune response to allergens and have fewer side effects.
  • Phototherapy: The ultraviolet light waves found in sunlight have been shown to help certain skin disorders, including eczema. Phototherapy uses ultraviolet light, usually ultraviolet B (UVB), from special lamps.

If your child has skin problems, such as eczema, you can:

  • Avoid long, hot baths, which can dry the skin. Use lukewarm water instead and give your child sponge baths.
  • Apply lotion immediately after bathing while the skin is still moist. This will help trap moisture in the skin.
  • Keep the room temperature as regular as possible. Changes in room temperature and humidity can dry the skin.
  • Keep your child dressed in cotton. Wool, silk and manmade fabrics such as polyester can irritate the skin.
  • Use mild laundry soap and make sure that clothes are well rinsed.
  • Watch for skin infections.
  • Help them avoid rubbing or scratching the rash.
  • Use moisturizers several times daily. In infants with eczema, moisturizing on a regular basis (with each diaper change for example) is extremely helpful.

How do I take care of myself?

Reducing your stress is very important. Try these tips:

  • Count to ten as you take a deep breath.
  • Exercise daily.
  • Try not to drink as much caffeine and alcohol.
  • Sleep eight hours a night.
  • Eat healthy.
  • Try to have a positive attitude.
  • Journal every day.
  • Talk about your life with friends, family and a therapist.

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Why Choose Perfect Skin Care

For Eczema Treatments?

Dr Saurabh Kapadia is one of the experienced and leading dermatologist in Gandhinagar city, Gujarat. Perfect skin care is equipped with worldclass USFDA approved laser technology for safe and result oriented treatments. All treatments are done under complete medical guidance. Dr Saurabh kapadia has many experience in treating eczema patients, he will evaluate your skin conditions and suggest you best treatments options to you.